Rabies is a viral disease found in warm-blooded animals. It is transmitted by the bite of the animals which are infected by inflammation of brain. Rabies in dogs can be dangerous for human beings in case of dog bite. It can be fatal if it is not treated on emergency basis. It damages the central nervous system which leads to the brain diseases and finally drags the patient to death. Rabies virus in domestic dogs has been controlled by the United States of America to a great extent. It has been eliminated in some countries like Australia and United Kingdom. The hazards of rabies virus can take a heavy toll if they are not properly attended and cured. Here is the description of the rabies virus, its formation, transmission, and functions into body after once it get into it.
It is neurotropic virus
It contains cylindrical morphology
It has cylindrical morphology and belongs to Lyssavirus genus of Rhabdoviridae which have a single, stranded RNA. These viruses are covered and the genetic information is kept as a ribonucleoprotein complex. RNA is tied in it with a viral nucleoprotein.
The journey of virus
The rabies virus follows the peripheral nerves and reaches brain. In human beings, its incubation period can be a few months. This duration depends on the distance of virus from the brain. As soon as it reached the brain, it appears in the forms of symptoms. This is the stage where no remedy can work and the infected person dies even within a few days.
Highly conversed genes
RNA genome encodes five highly conversed genes. The names of these five genes are Phosphoprotein (P), Nucleoprotein (N), Matrix protein (M), viral RNA Polymerase (L), and Glycoprotein (G).